Information about Cuba
Below we will offer you information of interest for your stay in Cuba.
Where to stay:
With AlexxaCasas you will stay in private houses, which will be Hostels, rooms, apartments or private houses, you can live with the owner or if you prefer you will stay privately, depending on the accommodation you choose.
In Cuba this type of accommodation modality is cheaper and more profitable, in addition the Traveler will be in direct contact with the human warmth, attention and lifestyle that characterizes each Cuban.
Capital and Main Cities: The City of Havana is the capital of the Republic of Cuba.
The Republic of Cuba is composed of 15 provinces and the Special Municipality of Isla de la Juventud. From the west to the east, the provinces are: Pinar del Río, Artemisa, Havana, Mayabeque, Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila, Camagüey, Las Tunas, Granma, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo.
The most visited cities are: Havana, Sancti Spíritus, Santiago de Cuba, Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Matanzas and Pinar del Río.
Culture: Country with great cultural development, lavish in artistic manifestations and creators. It has in its collection important names of writers, thinkers, dancers, musicians, painters, poets and singers. Cuban craftsmanship has a great development, with outstanding works in leather, vegetable fibers, wood, stone, metal and sea products.
The country is home to important international events such as the Ballet Festival, biennials of plastic arts, festivals of popular music and the Festival of New Latin American Cinema, among others.
- Economy: The Cuban economy has two main resources: tourism and the sugar industry and its derivatives. Other important sources are: tobacco, coffee, rum, honey, cocoa and citrus fruits. Also the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries, as well as the materials of construction, fishing, mining mainly nickel (the country has the largest reserves in the world of this mineral), copper, magnesium and refractory chrome.
- Geography: Cuba is the largest of the Caribbean islands, it is located at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico. The lands closest to Cuba are: to the east Haiti (77 kilometers), to the west the Yucatan Peninsula (210 kilometers), to the north the Peninsula of Florida (180 kilometers) and to the south Jamaica (140 kilometers).
- Spanish Language
- President: Miguel Díaz-Canel.
- Religion: The Constitution of the Republic guarantees total freedom of worship. The most widespread religion is Catholic. The Afro-Cuban cults, the result of the syncretism between the religions of African origin and the Catholic saints, are also deeply rooted. Other churches and cults develop their activities with complete normality.
- Population: The Cuban population is made up of more than 11 million inhabitants, in a peculiar mixture that is mainly made up of Spaniards, Africans and Asians.
- Climate: Hot, sub-tropical for most of the year. The rainy season is mainly from May to October and hurricanes usually occur in summer and autumn (June to November). The humidity is high and varies 75 and 95 percent. The coldest months are from January to April and it is the time of the drought, when less rain falls.
- Migratory regulations: All visitors must have a valid passport or a travel document issued in their name and the corresponding visa or tourist card. Persons who come from countries with which Cuba has signed free visa agreements are excepted.
Visas may be requested at Cuban consular representations and sometimes through travel agencies and airlines.
Cuba has two different currencies:
- The freely convertible weight or CUC.
The visitor will pay mostly in Cuban Convertible Peso. The CUC can be exchanged for a series of foreign currencies – The US dollar. It will be charged with a 10% tax on the established banking commissions (the tax is not applied to transactions with credit or debit card). Most of the items related to tourism, such as hotels, car rentals, private restaurants, beverages, etc., will be applied in this currency.
- The Cuban Peso (CUP) or National Currency.
The Cuban peso is used by nationals for transportation and other basic services, most salaries are paid in Cuban pesos.
1 convertible peso = approximately 24 Cuban pesos
Convertible pesos (CUC) can be purchased at the airport, banks, in different hotels and at the currency exchange offices, called “CADECA” (these offices are located throughout the country). You can also exchange Cuban National Pesos (CUP) at the CADECA or at any local bank.
The Cuban currency is only valid within Cuba.
- The essentials in the suitcase
Light, light and loose clothing; sandals, glasses and swimsuit. Something more formal for the nights; insect repellents, shaving cream or sunscreen. If you travel between January and February, do not forget any jacket.
- Health regulations
It is only required to present the International Certificate of Vaccination to travelers from countries where endemic yellow fever and cholera exist or have been declared areas of infection by WHO. The entry of products of animal or vegetable origin is restricted.
Cuba is culture, nature, history, magic and traditions. The largest of the Antilles is the result of the mixture of multiple cultures, mergers of races and customs that gave rise to one of the most unique and fascinating Caribbean destinations.
This information has been provided by the address of AlexxaCasas, if you need any other query you can contact us.
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